If you look into the past, American politics have always been dominated by two political parties only, therefore, America is called a two-party system. Republican Party and the Democratic Party form the modern two-party system of America. There are several third parties which operate in the US. Libertarian Party is the largest third-party since the 1980s. The United States Presidential elections of 2020 will be held on November 3rd, known as the Election Day. With the elections in about over a year, we decided to present you the detailed information about the Political parties which are taking part in the elections.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties that are present in the United States while the other being the Republican Party. Founded around 1828, the modern day Democratic Party is the world’s oldest active party. Party strives for the philosophy of modern liberalism and supports economic and social equality. It seeks government intervention to provide support for labor unions, universal health care, the introduction of social programs, equal opportunity, environmental protection, and consumer protection. These form the core economic policy of the party. Members of the Democratic party are called ‘Democrats’ or ‘Dems’. Presently, the House of the Democratic caucus is occupied mostly with centrists and progressives. It also contains a smaller minority of conservative Democrats.
The world’s oldest active party has produced a total of 15 Presidents, in other words, there have been 15 Democratic Presidents for the United States so far. Andrew Jackson was the first Democratic President who served the office from 1829 to 1837 and Barack Obama is the most recent Democratic President who is in the office since 2009. After defeating Senator John McCain of Arizona, Obama became the 44th president and the first African-American to be elected to the office. Before Obama, Bill Clinton served as the 14th Democratic and 42nd President of the United States.
The official logo for the Democratic Party is unveiled in September 2010. However, ‘the donkey party logo with stars’ is still a well-known symbol for the Democratic Party. The Democratic party uses a variety of symbols in different states. In Indiana, Oklahoma, and Ohio the party uses rooster. In New York, the party ballot symbol is five-pointed stars. And Missouri Democrats used the Statue of Liberty for the majority of the 20th Century. Both the major parties use traditional American colors of red, blue and white with slight variations for their campaigning and other marketing stuff. However, media uses blue color for the Democratic Party and red color for the Republican Party. Since then all the major broadcast television networks started using the same color scheme for the electoral map.
When it comes to voters, the LGBT community which consists of Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Americans mostly vote for the Democratic Party in the national elections. Their voting ranges from 70-77% for the Democratic Party. During 2012 Presidential elections with Obama as the Democratic candidate, LGBT community voted a total of 76%. Coming to the House of Representatives, 188 out of 435 seats in 2014 and 201 out of 435 seats in 2012 have been won by Democrats. They also won 46 out of 100 Senate seats in 2014 and 55 out of 100 Senate seats in 2012. In the above both cases, there is a fall in the mid-term elections under Barack Obama leadership. In 2016, they have secured 46 of the 100 Senate seats even though they got the popular vote and voting percentage. Joe Biden, the most experienced US politician is the Presidential candidate for Democratic party for the 2020 elections. He has already served as the 47th Vice President of the United States.
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